What degree needed for QA


What Degree Needed for QA

According to Zippia, over 60% of QA testers have a bachelor's degree, 16% are master's degree holders, and 10% are associate degree holders. Future professionals study computer science, programming, information technology, or business. However, to start a career as a QA tester, it is not necessary to have higher education. Sometimes completing specialized courses and acquiring the necessary skills for work is sufficient.

Practical experience and certifications are the most significant advantages of candidates, which should be emphasized in the resume. For example, beginners in testing may find courses like Google's IT Automation with Python Professional Certificate, or DevOps from the University of Virginia suitable.

The International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB) offers related certifications such as Test Analyst, Test Manager, Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL), Agile Tester, AI Testing, Game Testing, and others.

Advancing in the QA testing market without specialized higher education can be done through freelance platforms like Upwork or LinkedIn. It's important that the online course program you choose includes practical assignments or participation in real projects. While this may involve working for free, it's the best way to demonstrate your knowledge and solidify important skills.

Deep understanding of testing automation tools, its models, and programming languages can be obtained through courses on platforms like Coursera and Udemy.

An interesting and accessible way to gain experience is by participating in open-source projects, such as GitHub. Many beginners practice on personal projects, including creating their own testing tools or frameworks. It's great if you can work with experienced mentors and ask them questions while completing practical tasks.

What Skills Does a QA Tester Need?

QA testers must possess certain soft skills.

  • Attention to Detail. Testing a digital product requires focus and ignoring distractions. Only disciplined and attentive specialists can effectively identify even the smallest flaws in the development process.
  • Listening and Communication Skills. Testers often receive detailed but not always simple instructions from project managers. They must understand and remember all the guidelines.
  • Teamwork. This skill is related to the previous one but refers to productive interaction with colleagues, the ability to calmly and clearly point out mistakes, and active participation in discussions.
  • Problem-Solving Skills. Testers should not only identify flaws in the product but also determine the root causes of these errors and develop ways to resolve them — both independently and in collaboration with engineers, etc.
  • Deductive Reasoning. Deduction involves finding answers to questions in facts and evidence. This type of thinking is predominant for testers and in the technology field in general.
  • Time Management. The schedule of any IT professional is flexible and unpredictable. Urgent tasks may arise, and you must be prepared for them. The product's release dates depend on how responsibly the tester meets deadlines, making the ability to plan your time and break down big tasks into smaller stages very valuable.

Certain technical skills are also essential for a tester, primarily testing automation and database testing. The former involves creating and using automated test scripts, while the latter involves checking database systems for integrity and performance.

What Degree Needed for QA

How Much Does a QA Tester Earn?

Of course, a tester's salary depends on the professional's experience and sometimes the scale and geographic location of the company. If you want to test software or popular mobile applications, the chances of receiving a high salary are quite significant.

According to Glassdoor, the average pay for quality assurance software testers in the United States is around $72,662 per year — including bonuses, profit-sharing, and other additional earnings. Pleasant perks include benefits such as health insurance, paid leave, visa sponsorship, retirement packages, etc. The advantage is the possibility of remote work and various referral programs.

In conclusion, most major clients prefer QA testers with a bachelor's degree in engineering or computer science. However, you still have a chance to get high-paying projects if you complete specialized courses and obtain a certificate. Remember that some companies conduct interviews and offer technical tests to select candidates. It's there where you can demonstrate your technical skills and soft skills.

Learnix Tree Center team
Learnix Tree Center team

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What do you need to be a QA?

QA testers ensure the quality of software, web resources, mobile applications, computer games, and other digital products. These professionals engage in checking their functionality and usability directly in the development process. This allows for error correction and defect resolution without requiring much time. Therefore, the role of a tester in a company is very important, and many young specialists choose this profession.

A professional should be familiar with various types of testing and understand the basics of coding. You can learn several programming languages, primarily Java, C#, Python, HTML, JavaScript, and others. This will greatly facilitate communication with programmers and allow for maintaining automated test scripts.

The next requirement is understanding the basic models of software testing

  • Waterfall: a classic model where each phase of the development life cycle begins after the completion of the previous one. It includes techno-economic justification, requirement analysis and specification, design, coding and unit testing, integration and system testing, and, finally, maintenance.
  • Iterative Development: a popular model of iterative development where the sequence is more cyclical. It includes stages such as planning and requirement definition, analysis and design, implementation, testing, and evaluation.
  • Agile: focuses testers' attention on what is important to the user. The work is divided into short segments, and optimal strategies are sought to achieve different task goals.
  • Extreme Programming: an Agile iteration where, like in the previous case, the focus is on customer value. Here, there are rarely sequential stages with deadlines, and testing usually starts in the early stages of development. The goal is to release a perfect product as early as possible.

Tools and Methodologies for QA Testers

In addition to testing models, it is important for QA testers to have the ability to work with relevant programs. These include frameworks for product verification automation, including Appium, GitLab, Bamboo, QMetry, Robot Framework, Bitbucket, JUnit, and others. They include coding standards, test data handling methods, object repositories, testing result storage processes, and information on accessing external resources.

Special mention should be made of bug tracking tools. These can be free open-source applications or paid bug tracking and registration tools for subsequent resolution. These include Zoho, Bugzilla, Redmine, FogBugz, YouTrack, HP ALM, JIRA, Mantis, Trac, BugNET, Backlog, and others.

Certain practices and methodologies have been formed and established in the field of QA testing, which specialists use. Let's consider the two most popular approaches to software development and their analysis.

What Do You Need to Be a QA 2

Popular approaches to software development what do QA need to know

  1. Agile: a methodology where developers divide the project into «sprints» or small components. These parts are easier to test, adapting to changes. This approach is very convenient as it is based on teamwork between testers and developers.
  2. DevOps: a practice that emerged from the combination of software development and IT operations. The goal is to automate and improve the development process. Testing is intertwined with various stages of development.

To become a QA tester without formal education, you need to take specialized online courses, for example, on the Coursera platform. You can obtain IT certificates from the Software Testing Association, Quality Assurance Society, or International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB).

Participation in professional workshops, webinars, and communities, especially on LinkedIn, internships in companies, and communication with experienced developers and testers — all of this will be a great advantage at the beginning of your career and will contribute to professional development.

Therefore, to become a QA tester, it is worth familiarizing yourself with Agile frameworks and DevOps practices, mastering basic testing models, and taking part in specialized events at the first opportunity.

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Who is a Cybersecurity Technician?

Who is a Cybersecurity Technician?

Who is a Cybersecurity Technician 1

Cybersecurity technicians are professionals who protect computer programs, systems, and networks from cybercriminals. The latter unlawfully use information technology to obtain passwords, violate copyrights, steal valuable materials, steal credit card data, bank accounts, and commit other crimes on the Internet.

Experts who counteract such criminal actions are also called cybersecurity engineers. They develop and implement various network solutions to secure data from hackers.

What are the Responsibilities of a Cybersecurity Technician?

  • Testing programs, applications, and services for penetration, i.e., identifying threats and vulnerabilities.
  • Installation, configuration, and maintenance of networks.
  • Creating data protection strategies and updating a set of measures to prevent breaches.
  • Fixing security-related network errors.

To respond more quickly and effectively to new weaknesses in products and networks, cybersecurity engineers work in teams with other IT specialists, improving computer codes, etc.

What Skills Should a Cybersecurity Technician Have?

Among the technical, «hard» skills, coding, understanding the specifics of different operating systems, and the ability to work with them and detect intrusions should be mentioned first. Additionally, for all technical fields, mathematical skills play a crucial role, namely understanding linear algebra, cryptography, and other mathematical concepts.

Regardless of whether you work as an employee in a large company or freelance, you will need a set of «soft» skills.

  • Teamwork. When working on serious projects, the ability to actively listen and make joint decisions is important.
  • Problem-Solving. This skill is fundamental for engineers working in the IT field. You'll have to choose the optimal way to complete tasks from several options and develop and implement ideas to avoid the same problems in the future.
  • Analytical Thinking. Cybersecurity technicians need to collect, summarize, and analyze various data. Analysis is necessary during network breach investigations, security audits, and assessing the likelihood of new risks.
  • Creative Thinking. Despite being a purely technical specialization, cybersecurity technicians can apply creativity to solve problems in non-obvious or completely innovative ways. Thanks to the engineer's creativity, a company can constantly generate new ideas regarding network or product protection against cyberattacks.

The position of a cybersecurity technician is often combined with other IT specializations. Therefore, the more technical and soft skills you have, the higher your chances of getting a prestigious job in a specialized company.

How to Become a Cybersecurity Technician?

First, determine the area of activity, as there are several in cybersecurity. This could be risks and compliance, data leakage prevention, architecture, incident response, etc. Depending on the field, choose a training program at a higher education institution or certified courses.

One of the best ways to start your career is to go to university and earn a bachelor's degree. In addition to cybersecurity, you can study information security or any other related field. Students usually study computer engineering, network communications, and social network infrastructure. To find yourself in cyber terrorism, cryptology, identity technologies, or other unique fields of cybersecurity, aim for a master's degree.

Obtaining a diploma is not the final stage of preparation for participation in interesting and highly paid projects. It's great if you can complete an accredited program and get a certificate that will confirm your knowledge, skills, and competencies for employers. We advise you to try your hand at an internship at the company. This will allow you to work on real tasks for the first time.

It is the cybersecurity engineer who maintains the various online systems and ensures that they are resistant to new threats. The competence and integrity of a specialist are very important for any organization. To keep track of potential risks, the technician must constantly test systems and ensure that protective measures are updated.

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How to Start a Career in QA Testing?

How to Start a Career in QA Testing

Start a Career in QA

A QA tester is a specialist responsible for ensuring the quality of computer programs, video games, websites, and various digital products. Unlike a quality control tester, a quality assurance tester identifies flaws during the product development stage rather than after its release to the market. They track the causes of errors and report them to the relevant team members who can fix them.

QA testers check software using manual methods. However, specialists also use automated testing methods to save time on tasks.

They can attempt to hack the system, generate an error, and all this so that the end user does not face a similar problem in the future.

Roles of a Quality Assurance Tester

The role of a QA tester depends on the company and the actual project they are working on. The tester develops a project plan, sets quality standards, and determines the method of work manual, machine, or mixed. It is much simpler to fix errors at the beginning or in the middle of development than after the software is finished.

Other responsibilities of a quality assurance tester include:

  • Identify system boundaries and test software functionality.
  • Identifying functional errors in digital products before their release.
  • Writing code for automated tests.
  • Researching new testing processes and technologies to enhance effectiveness.
  • Reviewing user interfaces and feedback, analyzing product features.
  • Work with QA engineers to create effective test plans and implementation strategies.

Thus, the job of a QA tester is to work with developers to evaluate risks, identify gaps in the functionality of the product, and eliminate them during the development period.

Start a Career in QA Testing

Which type of QA testing is best?

There are various types of testing. Not all of them are necessary for every project, but a qualified QA tester ideally should be proficient in these methods.

  • Unit Testing Breaking the product into small, unique parts called modules to simplify testing.
  • Performance analysis Evaluation of product performance using different software loads.
  • Performance testing evaluates the concurrent operation of different parts of the program code.
  • Load Testing Evaluating the correctness of the product's operation under extreme conditions.
  • Functional Testing Ensuring the functionality of elements in software meets defined standards.
  • System Testing Comprehensive evaluation of functionality to understand how the product works in real conditions.
  • Usability Testing Evaluating user convenience and the correctness of task execution.
  • Mobile Testing Ensuring product usability on mobile devices by considering screen size, memory usage, battery consumption, and the likelihood of receiving a phone call while using the mobile application.

Security Testing and Regression Testing Essential final stages involve verifying product behavior after changes to prevent new defects after improvements.

What to Master for a QA Tester?

First and foremost, a QA tester is responsible for adhering to standards. QA is the «middleman» between developers and users.

So, to summarize. To become a quality assurance tester, you must have a specialized technical education — this is the first option. The next option is to complete special training courses in testing, which will lead you to the profession faster. Get ready to practice and hone your skills during your entire professional life, since everything in IT is changing at a rapid speed.

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